In developing the Climate Change and Food Systems Report, the Authors reviewed peer-reviewed literature to identify mitigation opportunities and their adaptation potential related to a broad range of food system activities. In the tables below, we summarized information on mitigation opportunities, adaptation potential, and food system implications.
Our review focused on production in Central and South America, Africa, South Asia, North America, and New Zealand. In addition, we reviewed global literature on possible opportunities for mitigation and adaptation in post-production, consumption, and waste management. We recognize the limitations of the current body of peer-reviewed literature, which tends to ignore or discount local and indigenous knowledge and is largely focused on individual elements of food systems and on opportunities that would result in incremental changes.
Specific interventions will vary depending on conditions in specific countries or regions. It is important to consider the different food systems that are present in a given country to: link differences in food systems to observed variation in nutrition, health, and sustainability outcomes; develop policy recommendations based on food system characteristics; and identify and learn from countries with better nutrition, health, and sustainability outcomes (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2015).