The diets and consumption patterns opportunity table summarizes mitigation opportunities, adaptation potential, and food system implications based on global literature on the connections between diets and climate change. We recognize that much of the peer‐reviewed literature has focused on diets in high‐income countries. Therefore, the opportunities may not be relevant or appropriate for low‐ and middle‐income countries. Scientific evidence has not focused exclusively on diet related studies; many studies have also explored the policy options that might assist in making such dietary shifts. Such efforts are largely focused on two major categories of policies: market‐driven efforts or educational efforts to shift behavior (Donati et al., 2016).

Consumption Opportunities Tables